AGV Used in the Maritime Industry

An Automated Guided Car (AGV) or Automatic Guided Auto as the brand suggests is a car that is manipulated and operated by making use of automated technological devices and types of equipment rather than the even more traditional manual procedures. AGVs are extensively found in the Maritime Industry.

AGV was primarily introduced to permit faster delivery of things and products found in warehouses and manufacturing systems. The primary Automated Guided Auto was presented in the entire year 1950 by the American company Barrett Electronics, located in Illinois. Through the years, taking into consideration the utility and the feasibility of the AGV, its consumption has prolonged to a broad number of areas, which, its function in maritime procedures are recognized as being incredibly fruitful and productive.


The machine of an Automated Guided Vehicle for marine ports – its workability and the huge benefits it offers could be elaborated the following:

How AGV Works?

The entire idea of AGVs is founded on the machine of Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS). The main benefit of the machine is that it offers versatility by the method of switch or alteration in the operational actions in the event of any unprecedented issues and problems.

The automation for the AGV is provided through the next methods:

  • By using wires installed in the ground where the motor vehicle will get operational and by the method of connecting these wires to a sensor located within the AGV’s surface. The air frequencies transmitted between your wires and the sensor set the AGV in motion

  • Using assistance from directional tapes – magnetic and colored kinds to manoeuvre the AGVs can be yet another popular approach. Such tapes, often known as Guide Tapes happen to be comparatively considerably more feasible than wires because, in the event of any modification in the route of the Automated Guided Vehicle, the tapes could be removed and suitably re-aligned

  • Lasers are also employed to mobilize the AGVs. By using retroreflective devices installed onto the walls and poles and by fitting a laser beam emitter on the AGV, the automation is correctly mobilized. There happen to be two varieties of laser beam piloting: the Modulated Laser beam piloting and the Pulsed Laser beam piloting

  • Computer systems to regulate and maneuver an AGV happen to be also used in the needed areas. By using transponders, the automation movements in the specified course, and in case there are any concerns in the undertaken route, a gyroscope helps to re-immediate the AGV back again to the route necessary to be taken

  • The Automatic Guided Car may also be fastened with trailers that haul the mandatory container. The hauling potential of the AGV is definitely, for cargo containers in the number of 20, 40, and 45 inches. They can move in any route – forwards, backward, and sideways. This last point probably is the main feature of the AGVs


The benefits made available from the Automated Guided Vehicles for ports could be elaborated the following:

They are cost-efficient and time-efficient
They improve the efficiency of the entire processes in the ports
The traffic regarding the transportation of the cargo internally in the ports is well regulated
The likelihood of accidents and consequent accidental injuries are reduced substantially as a result of lack of human traffic
Some of the numerous kinds of AGVs that are being used could be listed down the following:

Towing Automobiles having a towing ability ranging from 8,000 pounds to 60,000 pounds
Vehicles found in the assembly chain of processes
Automatic Guided Vehicles employed for transporting lighter cargo
Because the AGV operates on a battery, the facet of charging the batteries makes the picture. The charging functions of the AGV can be executed in any among the following 3 ways:

By manually replacing the exhausted battery with a complete charged one
By automating the battery charging procedure – this technique is an alternative for the first approach. In this technique, the AGV is installed with extra machinery to create it fully automated regarding battery charging. Such outfitted AGVs enter the battery charging station where an automated battery charger replaces the exhausted batteries with unique ones
In the opportunistic system of battery charging, as the name implies, the AGV will charge itself automatically as so when the ability arises. Also in the event, the battery level drops below a specific recommended level, then your AGV will fee itself following its present transport duty is completed
Automatic Guided Vehicles require charging after each shift that lasts between eight to 12 hours. However several even more developments to the AGV technology have got enabled a decrease in the charging period of the batteries, resulting in a further upsurge in the efficiency and productivity of the automation.

By using the AGV system, the transportation of marine cargo is becoming simpler and faster. Taking into consideration the victory that the AGVs possess achieved within their decade of living, it is hoped and anticipated that a lot more developments to the technology would appear, suiting the ever-growing demands of the marine cargo requirements.

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